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Introduction: The ever-evolving landscape of web-based applications necessitates coding methodologies that prioritize feasibility and maintainability. This paper explores best practices for developers to effectively utilize PHP frameworks in web development, with a particular emphasis on implementing CRUD operations (Create, Read, Update, Delete). The proposed approach employs Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) and the Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern, enhancing code organization and project manageability.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) and MVC Design Pattern: PHP frameworks offer a versatile and open-source toolkit, requiring minimal setup. The adoption of OOP and the MVC design pattern, complemented by a form of the factory design pattern, addresses the complexity inherent in modern projects. MVC, originally designed for providing multiple views of the same data, facilitates structured development, separating concerns, and enhancing code maintainability.

Components of MVC:

  1. Model:

    • Stores data and represents data structure relationships and dependencies with the database.
    • Exclusively deals with the database, restricting user access.
    • Modification and creation of model classes are performed based on user requirements, facilitating complex database operations.
  2. View:

    • Represents the presentation of data with various devices supporting multiple views.
    • Allows users to interact with UI components, input data, and manipulates data at the backend.
    • Provides a user-friendly interface for data presentation and interaction.
  3. Controller:

    • Primarily responsible for handling user interaction and interpreting inputs.
    • Acts as an information collector, communicating with both the model and view to effect changes.
    • Enforces complete business logic, serving as the main component for system implementation.

Advantages of MVC Pattern in PHP Framework: The adoption of the MVC pattern in PHP frameworks contributes to code simplicity, separation, and manageability. By providing a clear interface for manipulating classes corresponding to logical objects in the application, the MVC pattern enhances the overall structure of the project. This separation of concerns allows for more straightforward maintenance and scalability.

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