to download the project-base paper on learning artificial intelligence.


Representation artificial intelligence project, learning on user-item graphs for a recommendation has evolved from using a single ID or interaction history to exploiting higher-order neighbours. This leads to the success of graph convolution networks (GCNs) for recommendation such as PinSage and LightGCN. Despite effectiveness, we argue that they suffer from two limitations: (1) high-degree nodes exert a larger impact on the representation learning, deteriorating the recommendations of low-degree (long-tail) items; and (2) representations are vulnerable to noisy interactions, as the neighbourhood aggregation scheme further enlarges the impact of observed edges. In this work, we explore self-supervised learning on user-item graphs, so as to improve the accuracy and robustness of GCNs for recommendation. The idea is to supplement the classical supervised task of recommendation with an auxiliary self-supervised task, which reinforces node representation learning via self-discrimination.

Specifically, we generate multiple views of a node, maximizing the agreement between different views of the same node compared to that of other nodes. We devise three operators to generate the views — node dropout, edge dropout, and random walk — that change the graph structure in different manners. We term this new learning paradigm as \textit{Self-supervised Graph Learning} (SGL), implementing it on the state-of-the-art model LightGCN. Through theoretical analyses, we find that SGL has the ability to automatically mining hard negatives. Empirical studies on three benchmark datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of SGL, which improves the recommendation accuracy, especially on long-tail items, and the robustness against interaction noises. Our implementations are available Click Here

SSLREC: A SELF-SUPERVISED LEARNING LIBRARY FOR RECOMMENDATION, deep learning projects for final year students-learning artificial intelligence
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